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Discover how to spot the fakes and only share the facts!

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What is Disformation

What is mis / dis / mal-information?

Stop using the term ‘fake news’! Watch this video to find out why!

Types of Disformation

7 types of manipulated information


Example of false connection

This Tiktok video shows an election rally in Malaysia  in October 2022. MalaysiaKini and FaqCheckLab were able to prove it was actually a rally in Taiwan in 2019.


Example of false context & misinformation

This video was widely shared on social media after heavy flooding on the East Coast. The actual video footage showed a different natural disaster in Terengganu.

Satire or parody

The use of humor or irony to ridicule may lose its context as parody through re-sharing.

Misleading Content

Misleading use of information, for example by presenting comment as fact.

Imposter Content

False or misleading content that uses well-known logos from established figures or journalists.

Fabricated Content

New content that is 100% false,
made to deceive and do harm.

False Context

When genuine content is shared with false contextual information.

Manipulated Content

When genuine information or imagery is manipulated to deceive.

False Connection

When headlines, visuals, or captions don’t support the content.

Who Spreads Disformation


The use of humor or irony to ridicule may lose its context as parody through re-sharing.

Fabricated News Stories

Fabricated news stories aim to look like real news, often using sensational content to evoke emotional reactions.


Rumors tap into people’s fears and anxieties, are difficult to verify, and can quickly spread through social media and by word of mouth.

Confirmation Bias

Confirmation bias can lead people to spread misinformation by accepting and sharing information that aligns with their beliefs, regardless of its accuracy.

Echo Chambers

Echo chambers result from social media algorithms that prioritize content based on your interests, limiting exposure to alternative viewpoints.

Who is spreading misinformation?

I aim to stir chaos and share disinformation.

Bad Intention

I share information to help those close to me

Good Intention

Bad Intention

"Makeup ads may promise beauty but actually use harmful ingredients."

Good Intention

"I saw that some food can cure cancer, I don’t need to go to hospital after this. I'll share this with my family."
Be careful  not to share misinformation. Always check the source before sharing something with love ones.

Bad Intention

"I might show a video that seems real, but its actually altered."

Good Intention

"Cocoa bliss chocolate contains animal DNA!"
I know you want to share the word, but don't share it if you're not sure.

Bad Intention

"People are saying that our favorite snacks are made of plastic. People are boycotting the company. It may go out of business even though the health minister says its safe."

Good Intention

Someone famous has died. Everyone needs to know about this.
But sometimes reported news isn't true. It's better to fact-check information before sharing.

What Can You Do


Find out how to fact-check the information you’ve received from the internet!

Fact-checking Skills

Reverse Image Search

Reverse image search is a powerful tool that can reveal important information about a photograph, including where and when it was taken, who took it, where else it appears online and how many times it has been viewed.

Let's Play A Game!

Reverse image search or use your eyes to find clues from the 4 pictures below! If you are on the Chrome browser, long press the image and select “Search Image with Google“. Alternatively, Save the image and use the Google App‘s Image Search . Take the quiz whenever you are ready!

Test yourself now!

What other tools can you use?

Consult Multiple Sources

  • When you find new info, search to find more sources to confirm.
  • Look for reliable sources from trusted organizations.
  • Check the author, publisher, and date.
  • Compare different sources to find opposing viewpoints.
  • Consult more sources until you’re confident in your information.


  • Find out who’s behind the information – the author, publisher, or website.
  • Check if the source is reliable by looking at the author’s expertise, publisher’s reputation, and publication date. Don’t forget to watch out for biases or conflicts of interest!
  • Reliable sources provide evidence or citations to back up their claims. Compare with other trusted sources to see if everyone agrees or if there are different opinions.

Search Engines

  • Go to a search engine like Google and use special characters to filter your search. Try “quotation marks” for an exact phrase, minus sign to exclude words, or site: to search within a specific website.
  • Check the search results for reliable sources. For example, if someone says vinegar cures cancer, explore trustworthy medical sites to find the truth.
  • Refine your search until you’re confident in your understanding.

Who can help?

Hone your skills with these learning websites!


SEBENARNYA.MY is a one-stop centre for Malaysians to check before sharing news of unconfirmed authencity.

Visit Website


Bellingcat is a Netherlands-based investigative journalism group that specializes in fact-checking and open-source intelligence.

Visit Website


Snopes is a website that helps you know if what you hear or read on the internet is true or not.

Visit Website


MyCheck Malaysia is an editorially independent fact-checking initiative founded by BERNAMA that follows fact-checking standards of the internationational Fact-Checking Network (IFCN)

Visit Website

AFP Fact Check

AFP Fact Check is a group of fact checkers from  Agence France-Presse.

Visit Website


PolitiFact is a website that checks if politicians are telling the truth or not.

Visit Website

Fact Check Lab

Fact Check Lab is a community-driven, fact-checking initiative.

Visit Website

Jom Check Malaysia

JOMCHECK is Malaysian’s first academy-media-civil society fact-checking alliance to address the spread of mis- and dis-information online.

Visit Website

Content Consumer / Creators

Responsible content creation

Controversial influencer is facing a lawsuit from CoffeeBucks after alleging the cafe uses bad milk in their drinks!


Discover how social media platforms fight misinformation online!

In 2016, Facebook created a program that checks news stories, working with over 80 fact-checking organizations worldwide.

In 2018, YouTube began using information panels below specific videos providing context to viewers.

In 2020, X (formerly Twitter) updated it disinformation policy to include misleading information about content that may cause harm.

In 2020, TikTok implemented a content moderation policy prohibiting misleading or false content.

Did you know? Your behaviour online affects what you see on social media?

A social media algorithm decides what to show you on social media based on your previous online behaviour.

The algorithm's goal is to keeo you interested, but remember to explore and find new things on your own too.

Liking or sharing posts helps the algorithm to know what you like.

Do Something

Take the Identifake pledge!

Take a pledge with us, and commit to countering disinformation, together!

Pledges 3

I pledge to use and share information responsibly.

Pledge here

Want to learn More?

Here are some other opportunities for you to further your studies in relevant courses such as journalism!

EducationUSA logo

EducationUSA (EdUSA)

EdUSA provides free consultation and presentation on matters related to tertiary education in the U.S., such as courses, visa, and living arrangement. There are two EdUSA centres in Malaysia – one in American Tech Corner Penang, and another in American Youth Corner Kuala Lumpur.

More Info

Young Southeast Asian Leadership Initiative (YSEALI)

For 18-35 years old youths, the YSEALI Academic and Professional Fellows Exchanges spend five weeks in the U.S. learning best practices from experts.

More Info
Fulbright logo

The Fulbright Program

Fulbright supports academic pursuits in the U.S.: undergraduate and graduate studies, fellowship, scholar and exchange programs, as well as teaching assistant programs for Malaysian teachers.

More Info
SEA YLP logo

Southeast Asia Youth Leadership Program (SEAYLP)

SEAYLP is a three-week U.S. exchange program for secondary students ages 15-17 years, focused on leadership and youth development and includes workshops, interactive sessions, simulations, leadership training, volunteer activities, and team-building exercises. After returning home, participants are required to implement follow-on projects in their home communities

More Info
SUSI logo

Study of the U.S. Institutes (SUSI)

SUSI for Scholars and Secondary Educators offers 5-6 weeks intensive post-graduate level academic experiences for mid-career scholars, faculty, practitioners and secondary educators whose purpose is to strengthen curricula and to improve the teaching about the United States in their academic institutions.

More Info
American Corner/Spaces logo

The American Corner

American Corners (also known as American Spaces) acts as a venue for local communities to get info about the U.S., as well as a platform for youth to develop skills in English language, STEM, and other subjects. Malaysia has American Corners in Penang, Kedah, Kelantan, Kuala Lumpur, Sabah, and Sarawak.

More Info

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I pledge to use and share information responsibly.

Reverse Image Search

Reverse image search is a powerful tool that can reveal important information about a photograph, including where and when it was taken, who took it, where else it appears online and how many times it has been viewed.

Select the correct answers in the following list of questions. Your full score will be revealed at the end of the quiz!

Fact-checking quiz

Answer "Yes" or "No" in the following list of questions. Your full score will  be revealed at the end of the quiz!